OPENING OF INDIGENOUS PHARMACIES

In 1946, the first Nigerian-owned pharmacy was opened by Mr. Joseph Ogunlesi on Victoria Street (now Nnamdi Azikwe Street) in Lagos because the earlier ones were elite pharmacies for Europeans and very few Nigerians. Throughout 1960’s, pharmacies remained concentrated in Lagos and the old Western Region (including former Mid Western Region) with old Eastern Region and Kano showing their significant figures. In Nigeria by 1946, there were 3 Community Pharmacies; in 1969, 200 community pharmacies were operated; in 1974, it rose to 600; in 1984, it increased to 1066; presently there are 2500 registered pharmacies in the nation.

PHARMACY TRADE UNIONS

Nigerian Union of Pharmacists, NUP was formed in 1947. It served to put pressure on Government to improve compensation and labour conditions for Pharmacists. PSN was registered in 1956 with the government CAC. In 1977, when Nigeria’s Central Labour Organization restructured its house unions, the NUP opted out formally from union activities leaving the PSN as the only professional umbrella body of Pharmacists.

PHARMACISTS BOARD OF NIGERIA

In 1964, the Pharmacy Act of 1964 (No 20) was enacted by the House of Representatives to set up Pharmacists Board of Nigeria (PBN).

THE  DRUG LAWS OF FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA (LFN)

There are many laws governing the regulation and control of Pharmacy in Nigeria. They are as follows:

  1. The Counterfeit and Fake Drugs and Unwholesome Processed Foods (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, Cap C34, LFN 2004 and Dangerous Drugs Act, Cap D1, LFN 2004;
  2. The Food and Drugs Act, Cap F32, LFN 2004
  3. The Food, Drugs and Related Products (Registration etc) Act, Cap F33, LFN 2004;
  4. The National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control Act, Cap N1, LFN 2004
  5. The National Drug Formulary and Essential Drugs List Act, Cap N29, LFN 2004;
  6. The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency Act, Cap N30, LFN 2004:
  7. The Pharmacists Council of Nigeria Act, Cap P17 LFN 2004; and
  8. The Poisons and Pharmacy Act, Cap 535, LFN 1990